English Home Korean Music What's new? blog Actions 2015 ~ 19 Earth Charter Constitution of Japan Peace Citizen Voices
Japanese Home Green House Coalition Essays Gifu Boston Sadako Peace Garden

日本語版   Universal Declaration of Human Rights
 courtesy of the UN
English.pdf     (other language versions)  

Adopted and proclaimed by General Assembly resolution 217 A (III) of 10 December 1948

On December 10, 1948 the General Assembly of the United Nations adopted and proclaimed the Universal Declaration of Human Rights the full text of which appears in the following pages. Following this historic act the Assembly called upon all Member countries to publicize the text of the Declaration and "to cause it to be disseminated, displayed, read and expounded principally in schools and other educational institutions, without distinction based on the political status of countries or territories."


Whereas recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world,
Whereas disregard and contempt for human rights have resulted in barbarous acts which have outraged the conscience of mankind, and the advent of a world in which human beings shall enjoy freedom of speech and belief and freedom from fear and want has been proclaimed as the highest aspiration of the common people,
Whereas it is essential, if man is not to be compelled to have recourse, as a last resort, to rebellion against tyranny and oppression, that human rights should be protected by the rule of law,
Whereas it is essential to promote the development of friendly relations between nations,
Whereas the peoples of the United Nations have in the Charter reaffirmed their faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person and in the equal rights of men and women and have determined to promote social progress and better standards of life in larger freedom,
Whereas Member States have pledged themselves to achieve, in co-operation with the United Nations, the promotion of universal respect for and observance of human rights and fundamental freedoms,
Whereas a common understanding of these rights and freedoms is of the greatest importance for the full realization of this pledge,

Now, Therefore THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY proclaims THIS UNIVERSAL DECLARATION OF HUMAN RIGHTS as a common standard of achievement for all peoples and all nations, to the end that every individual and every organ of society, keeping this Declaration constantly in mind, shall strive by teaching and education to promote respect for these rights and freedoms and by progressive measures, national and international, to secure their universal and effective recognition and observance, both among the peoples of Member States themselves and among the peoples of territories under their jurisdiction.

Article 1.  

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights.They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

* 第一条 日本語相当部分
* Preamble The Constitution of Japan
* Article 14 Equality under the Law The Constitution of Japan

* Beethoven Symphony 9 "Choral" 4th Mov. MP3

Article 2.

Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status. Furthermore, no distinction shall be made on the basis of the political, jurisdictional or international status of the country or territory to which a person belongs, whether it be independent, trust, non-self-governing or under any other limitation of sovereignty.

Article 3.

Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person.

Article 4.

No one shall be held in slavery or servitude; slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms.

Article 5.

No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.

Article 6.

Everyone has the right to recognition everywhere as a person before the law.

Article 7.

All are equal before the law and are entitled without any discrimination to equal protection of the law. All are entitled to equal protection against any discrimination in violation of this Declaration and against any incitement to such discrimination.

Article 8.

Everyone has the right to an effective remedy by the competent national tribunals for acts violating the fundamental rights granted him by the constitution or by law.

Article 9.

No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention or exile.

Article 10.

Everyone is entitled in full equality to a fair and public hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal, in the determination of his rights and obligations and of any criminal charge against him.

Article 11.

(1) Everyone charged with a penal offence has the right to be presumed innocent until proved guilty according to law in a public trial at which he has had all the guarantees necessary for his defence. (2) No one shall be held guilty of any penal offence on account of any act or omission which did not constitute a penal offence, under national or international law, at the time when it was committed. Nor shall a heavier penalty be imposed than the one that was applicable at the time the penal offence was committed.

Article 12.

No one shall be subjected to arbitrary interference with his privacy, family, home or correspondence, nor to attacks upon his honour and reputation. Everyone has the right to the protection of the law against such interference or attacks.

Article 13.

(1) Everyone has the right to freedom of movement and residence within the borders of each state. (2) Everyone has the right to leave any country, including his own, and to return to his country.

Article 14.

(1) Everyone has the right to seek and to enjoy in other countries asylum from persecution. (2) This right may not be invoked in the case of prosecutions genuinely arising from non-political crimes or from acts contrary to the purposes and principles of the United Nations.

Article 15.

(1) Everyone has the right to a nationality. (2) No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his nationality nor denied the right to change his nationality.

Article 16.

(1) Men and women of full age, without any limitation due to race, nationality or religion, have the right to marry and to found a family. They are entitled to equal rights as to marriage, during marriage and at its dissolution. (2) Marriage shall be entered into only with the free and full consent of the intending spouses. (3) The family is the natural and fundamental group unit of society and is entitled to protection by society and the State.

Article 17.

(1) Everyone has the right to own property alone as well as in association with others. (2) No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his property.

Article 18.

Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; this right includes freedom to change his religion or belief, and freedom, either alone or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship and observance.

Article 19.

Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers.

第19条 日本語相当部分

Freedom of Expression, The Constituion of Japan

Article 20.

(1) Everyone has the right to freedom of peaceful assembly and association. (2) No one may be compelled to belong to an association.

Article 21.

(1) Everyone has the right to take part in the government of his country, directly or through freely chosen representatives. (2) Everyone has the right of equal access to public service in his country. (3) The will of the people shall be the basis of the authority of government; this will shall be expressed in periodic and genuine elections which shall be by universal and equal suffrage and shall be held by secret vote or by equivalent free voting procedures.

Article 22.

Everyone, as a member of society, has the right to social security and is entitled to realization, through national effort and international co-operation and in accordance with the organization and resources of each State, of the economic, social and cultural rights indispensable for his dignity and the free development of his personality.

Article 23.

(1) Everyone has the right to work, to free choice of employment, to just and favourable conditions of work and to protection against unemployment. (2) Everyone, without any discrimination, has the right to equal pay for equal work. (3) Everyone who works has the right to just and favourable remuneration ensuring for himself and his family an existence worthy of human dignity, and supplemented, if necessary, by other means of social protection. (4) Everyone has the right to form and to join trade unions for the protection of his interests.

Article 24.

Everyone has the right to rest and leisure, including reasonable limitation of working hours and periodic holidays with pay.

Article 25.

(1) Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family, including food, clothing, housing and medical care and necessary social services, and the right to security in the event of unemployment, sickness, disability, widowhood, old age or other lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond his control. (2) Motherhood and childhood are entitled to special care and assistance. All children, whether born in or out of wedlock, shall enjoy the same social protection.

Article 26.

(1) Everyone has the right to education. Education shall be free, at least in the elementary and fundamental stages. Elementary education shall be compulsory. Technical and professional education shall be made generally available and higher education shall be equally accessible to all on the basis of merit. (2) Education shall be directed to the full development of the human personality and to the strengthening of respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. It shall promote understanding, tolerance and friendship among all nations, racial or religious groups, and shall further the activities of the United Nations for the maintenance of peace. (3) Parents have a prior right to choose the kind of education that shall be given to their children.

Article 27.

(1) Everyone has the right freely to participate in the cultural life of the community, to enjoy the arts and to share in scientific advancement and its benefits. (2) Everyone has the right to the protection of the moral and material interests resulting from any scientific, literary or artistic production of which he is the author.

Article 28.

Everyone is entitled to a social and international order in which the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration can be fully realized.

Article 29.

(1) Everyone has duties to the community in which alone the free and full development of his personality is possible. (2) In the exercise of his rights and freedoms, everyone shall be subject only to such limitations as are determined by law solely for the purpose of securing due recognition and respect for the rights and freedoms of others and of meeting the just requirements of morality, public order and the general welfare in a democratic society. (3) These rights and freedoms may in no case be exercised contrary to the purposes and principles of the United Nations.

Article 30.

Nothing in this Declaration may be interpreted as implying for any State, group or person any right to engage in any activity or to perform any act aimed at the destruction of any of the rights and freedoms set forth herein.


  Tweet   page top


(1948.12.10 第3回国連総会採択)










社会の各個人及び各機関が、この世界人権宣言を常に念頭に置きながら、加盟国自身の人民の間にも、また、加盟国の管轄下にある地域の人民の間にも、これら の権利と自由との尊重を指導及び教育によって促進すること並びにそれらの普遍的措置によって確保することに努力するように、すべての人民とすべての国とが 達成すべき共通の基準として、この人権宣言を公布する。  


すべての人間は、生まれながらにして自由であり、かつ、尊厳と権利と について平等である。人間は、理性と良心とを授けられており、互いに同胞の精神をもって行動しなければならない。

* Article 1 English Equivalence
* 日本国憲法 前文
* 第14条 法の下の平等 日本国憲法
* Beethoven Symphony 9 "Choral" 4th Mov. MP3





















  1. 犯罪の訴追を受けた者は、すべて、自己の弁護に必要なすべての保障を与えられた公開の裁判において法律に従って有罪の立証があるまでは、無罪と推定される権利を有する。
  2. 何人も、実行の時に国内法又は国際法により犯罪を構成しなかった作為又は不作為のために有罪とされることはない。また、犯罪が行われた時に適用される刑罰より重い刑罰は課せられない。  




  1. すべて人は、各国の境界内において自由に移転及び居住する権利を有する。
  2. すべて人は、自国その他いずれの国をも立ち去り、及び自国に帰る権利を有する。  


  1. すべて人は、迫害からの避難を他国に求め、かつ、これを他国で享有する権利を有する。
  2. この権利は、非政治犯罪又は国際連合の目的及び原則に反する行為をもっぱら原因とする訴追の場合には、採用することはできない  


  1. すべて人は、国籍をもつ権利を有する。    
  2. 何人も、ほしいままにその国籍を奪われ、又はその国籍を変更する権利を否認されることはない。  


  1. 成年の男女は、人種、国籍又は宗教によるいかなる制限をも受けることなく、婚姻し、かつ家庭をつくる権利を有する。成年の男女は、婚姻中及びその解消に際し、婚姻に関し平等の権利を有する。
  2. 婚姻は、婚姻の意思を有する両当事者の自由かつ完全な合意によってのみ成立する。
  3. 家庭は、社会の自然かつ基礎的な集団単位であって、社会及び国の保護を受ける権利を有する。  


  1. すべての人は、単独で又は他の者と共同して財産を所有する権利を有する。
  2. 何人も、ほしいままに自己の財産を奪われることはない。  





Article 19 English Equivalence  

表現の自由 日本国憲法


  1. すべて人は、平和的な集会及び結社の自由を享有する権利を有する。     
  2. 何人も、結社に属することを強制されない。  


  1. すべて人は、直接に又は自由に選出された代表者を通じて、自国の政治に参与する権利を有する。
  2. すべて人は自国においてひとしく公務につく権利を有する。     
  3. 人民の意思は、統治の権力の基礎とならなければならない。この意思は、定期のかつ真正な選挙によって表明されなければならない。この選挙は、平等の普通選挙によるものでなければならず、また、秘密投票又はこれと同等の自由が保障される投票手続によって行われなければならない。  




  1. すべて人は、労働し、職業を自由に選択し、公平かつ有利な労働条件を確保し、及び失業に対する保護を受ける権利を有する。    
  2. すべて人は、いかなる差別をも受けることなく、同等の労働に対し、同等の報酬を受ける権利を有する。
  3. 労働する者は、すべて、自己及び家族に対して人間の尊厳にふさわしい生活を保障する公平かつ有利な報酬を受け、かつ、必要な場合には、他の社会的保護手段によって補充を受けることができる。   
  4. すべて人は、自己の利益を保護するために労働組合を組織し、及びこれに加入する権利を有する。  




  1. すべて人は、衣食住、医療及び必要な社会的施設等により、自己及び家族の健康及び福祉に十分な生活水準を保持する権利並びに失業、疾病、心身障害、配偶者の死亡、老齢その他不可抗力による生活不能の場合は、保障を受ける権利を有する。
  2. 母と子とは、特別の保護及び援助を受ける権利を有する。すべての児童は、嫡出であると否とを問わず、同じ社会的保護を享有する。  


  1. すべて人は、教育を受ける権利を有する。教育は、少なくとも初等の及び基礎的の段階においては、無償でなければならない。初等教育は、義務的でなければならない。技術教育及び職業教育は、一般に利用できるもでなければならず、また、高等教育は、能力に応じ、すべての者にひとしく開放されていなければならない。
  2. 教育は、人格の完全な発展並びに人権及び基本的自由の尊重の教科を目的としなければならない。教育は、すべての国又は人種的もしくは宗教的集団の相互間の理解、寛容及び友好関係を増進し、かつ、平和の維持のため、国際連合の活動を促進するものでなければならない。    
  3. 親は、子に与える教育の種類を選択する優先的権利を有する。  


  1. すべて人は、自由に社会の文化生活に参加し、芸術を鑑賞し、及び科学の進歩とその恩恵とにあずかる権利を有する。     
  2. すべて人は、その創作した科学的、文学的又は美術的作品から生ずる精神的及び物質的利益を保護される権利を有する。  




  1. すべて人は、その人格の自由かつ完全な発展がその中にあつてのみ可能である社会に対して義務を負う。
  2. すべて人は、自己の権利及び自由を行使するに当たつては、他人の権利及び事由の正当な承認及び尊重を保障すること並びに民主的社会における道徳、公の秩序及び一般の福祉の正当な要求を満たすことをもっぱら目的として法律によって定められた制限にのみ服する。
  3. これらの権利及び自由は、いかなる場合にも、国際連合の目的及び原則に反して行使してはならない。  



日本語版 top    page top

A duplication with relivent references, which The Green House respects.